In software development, anything built can be categorized into two areas: all that can be seen by the user and all the processes happening in the background.
Front-end technologies comprise what we, visitors of a website or the end-user of a mobile app, see and interact with. The background activities involve data delivery and the speed with which it is done, referred to as the back-end technology and DevOps.
This article will dive into front-end technologies and their benefits and list the top 10 technologies with their key features.
Let’s get started.
Table of Contents
What are Front End Technologies?
Front-end technologies refer to a set of technologies used to develop the user interface of web pages and applications.
With front-end technologies, developers create everything from design and structure to animation we see on screen while opening a website, web application, or mobile app.
These technologies play a crucial role in engaging the users and encouraging and driving them toward action. An application’s seamless front-end technology makes the application easy to use and recommendable to others.
Therefore, businesses striving to enhance user interaction, interactivity, efficiency, and the overall look of their application must recognize the importance of front-end technologies.
The primary goal of front-end development techniques and tools is to enable mobile and web developers to improve their efficiency and experience a quicker, more straightforward, and better development process.
What are the Primary Benefits of the Front-End Development Technologies?
Front-end technologies are integral to businesses trying to improve user interaction and efficiency. A significant part of front-end technology is used to facilitate the work of web coders and designers, allowing them to increase their productivity.
Every year, new tools are introduced, and the old ones become obsolete, leading to a sheer amount of technology developers use.
Some of the primary benefits of front-end technologies are:
- Streamline tasks with automation and the development process for developers
- Come with reusable templates and components
- Debug and optimize codes
- Boost developers’ productivity
- Help when there is a tight deadline
- Assist in developing responsive designs
Top 10 Front-End Technologies to Consider in 2022
Here is a list of the top front-end technologies with their key features:
1. React. Js
- React supports unidirectional data flow along with one-way binding. The latter promises more control across applications.
- React’s virtual DOM offers flexibility and speeds up the application development process. DOMs are APIs that manage how documents can be accessed and manipulated.
- React.js has a declarative UI, which makes React code easily read and fixed. React is ideal for web and mobile applications, especially in developing exciting and engaging UIs.
The tool comes with inbuilt templates, making it easy for developers to build UI views quickly. Forbes, Gmail, and Upwork are well-known websites built using Angular.
- With Angular, data binding can occur without needing to write different codes. Adding a few snippets, you can connect data from the HTML control to application data.
- Angular has a built-in injection feature for easier application development, testing, and understanding.
- Several built-in services are available with Angular such as HTTP, which are singleton objects to be instantiated only once in the app.
- Vue.js offers computed properties, enabling you to detect changes to the UI elements and perform the calculations accordingly.
- The technology’s components allow the creation of custom elements, which developers can reuse in HTML.
- The technology also has various built-in directives for performing a wide range of front-end tasks, such as v-show, v-if, v-else, v-bind, v-model, and v-on.
Flutter is one of the most rapidly growing front-end frameworks for developing effective and flexible web designs. Flutter is an open-source, cross-platform UI framework developed by Google. It assists in developing flexible and native-like apps with a singular codebase. With Flutter, developers can quickly create cross-platform apps using the Dart programming language.
- Flutter’s multiplatform feature enables writing code once and then maintaining and deploying it to multiple platforms and devices.
- With the Flutter framework, you can control the app’s codebase with automated testing, developer tools, and everything needed to develop high-quality apps.
- The technology offers widgets for developing specific, customized designs. The two sets of widgets are Material Design widgets and Cupertino.
- Bootstrap is entirely customizable despite its responsive 12-column grids, layouts, and components.
- For effective SaaS development, Bootstrap includes responsive utility classes, which can make specific content appear or hide only on particular devices.
- With its templates, Bootstrap allows even inexperienced users to easily create websites through demos and tutorials.
- The Bootstrap framework comprises various components like navigation bars, dropdowns, progress bars, thumbnails, and so on, all of which can be seamlessly incorporated into your web page.
The Ionic framework provides a command-line interface that allows you to develop applications without code. As another open-source, front-end framework, Ionic makes developing high-quality desktop and mobile apps possible. Developers use this tool to create hybrid mobile applications as well.
- Ionic utilizes the same codebase for delivering a unified look and feel across mobile platforms. With a single codebase, developers can create apps that work on all the major app stores and mobile web.
- Ionic offers default JS and CSS parts for creating mobile applications.
- Combined with Angular, Ionic promises many more functionalities to integrate attractive components into your application and the ideal solution.
7. HTML5 Boilerplate
HTML5 Boilerplate is a leading front-end template that helps design robust, fast, and adaptable web apps and websites with some ready features and elements. The framework is a collection of tools to build cross-browser websites compatible with various browsers, including that HTML5.
- HTML5 Boilerplate brings together all the elements to start with, along with supporting documentation.
- You can use it with Initialize, which generates templates based on Boilerplate, letting you choose the elements you want and put aside those you don’t want.
- HTML5 Boilerplate encourages media query usage customized to every website’s content. The media queries can be edited or removed by those who do not prefer this approach.
8. Node Package Manager (NPM)
- With NPM, you can install modules you need for web development and not any other features you may not need.
- Every package in the NPM registry is in the CommonJS format, including a metadata file in JSON format. The central registry contains over 1.3 million packages.
- NPM offers dependency management and version control for Node.js packages.
- Meteor has several built-in features like front-end libraries and servers.
- The framework promises a built-in latency compensation, which is easy to set up, and a vast number of easily deployable packages capable of handling a variety of functionalities.
- Meteor offers ease of learning, allowing developers to focus more on the application functionality than the aspects of syncing data and serving pages.
- The technology also has a live reloading feature, making refreshing only the required DOM elements possible.
- It automates routine tasks.
- It reduces the possibility of errors during repetitive tasks.
- Grunt offers more than 5000 plugins, extending its functionality.
- It allows the creation of custom tasks, combining multiple existing functions into one or adding entirely new functionality.
Factors to Consider in Choosing the Right Web Front-End Technologies
Choosing a suitable front-end technology is of utmost importance in application development outsourcing. However, the following factors need to be considered in doing so:
- The project’s size
- The experience of the developers in specific technologies
- The popularity and, thereby, the community size of the tool or framework
- Whether the project needs SSR or SSG
- Whether the design comprises multiple pages with similar components
- The number of dynamic value elements in the form of a dashboard
- The number of teams to be working on the project
- Whether the particular technology fulfills your project needs
Takeaways on Front End Technologies
Businesses always desire to use the newest and the most trending technologies. Technologies have become trending because they bring something new and more efficient problem-solving solutions to the table. At the same time, there might be better implementation solutions based on a business's needs and goals.
Organizations must observe the market and determine the needs and problems they must cater to before experimenting with and implementing the available technologies.