8 Types of Cybersecurity to Consider

8 Types of Cybersecurity to Consider
Article by Sumana Ganguly
Last Updated: January 27, 2024

In the contemporary digital era marked by rapid technological advancements, the significance of cybersecurity has reached unprecedented levels. Cybersecurity encompasses a range of technologies, processes, and practices, meticulously crafted to safeguard digital devices, networks, and data from the ever-growing array of cyber threats.

According to research by DataProt, 1 in 10 small businesses suffer a cyber-attack each year. Given the escalating frequency of cyber-attacks and data breaches, adopting a diligent approach to cybersecurity has evolved into a necessity.

You will learn about eight types of cybersecurity that you should consider for your business, as well as information about their importance and proactive measures to prevent cyber-attacks.

Network Security

Network security involves implementing measures to protect a computer network system against unauthorized access or malicious attacks. This encompasses using tools such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and virtual private networks (VPNs).

The overarching objective of network security is to ensure the safety of a network's infrastructure and its hardware, including servers, routers, switches, and various other network devices.

Here are the essential elements of network security:

  • Utilization of network monitoring and management tools
  • Implementation of access control and authentication systems
  • Application of data encryption and decryption methods
  • Integration of firewall technology to regulate network traffic
  • Conducting regular security audits to identify and address vulnerabilities
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Application Security

Application security pertains to the actions taken to protect software applications from cyber-attacks. This involves the examination of code, identification of vulnerabilities, and subsequent verification that the application is devoid of security flaws.

The implementation of application security can occur at multiple stages of the software development life cycle, spanning from the planning phase to deployment.

Some critical aspects of application security are:

  • Thorough code review and vulnerability scanning
  • Adoption of secure coding practices during development
  • Implementation of robust authentication and authorization mechanisms
  • Consistent application of security testing and timely updates

Information Security

Information security is broader and may encompass other already discussed types of cybersecurity, but the emphasis here is on shielding digital data. It covers information stored in databases, files, or other repositories, ensuring confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

In practical terms, yet again, you’d be preventing unauthorized access, disclosure, modification, or destruction, but this time, via access control, encryption, and backups.

Information security is enforced by:

  • Utilization of access control mechanisms, such as passwords, biometric verification, or multi-factor authentication
  • Encryption of sensitive data both at rest and in transit
  • Regular backups of critical data to mitigate potential losses
  • Implementation of disaster recovery and business continuity plans
  • Continuous monitoring and logging of system and network activity
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Cloud Security

Cloud security pertains to safeguarding data and systems hosted on cloud platforms, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud. It includes a blend of technical and administrative controls designed to secure both the data stored in the cloud and the cloud infrastructure itself.

Here are the critical aspects of cloud security:

  • Adoption of secure cloud configurations and virtual private networks
  • Implementation of controls for identity and access management
  • Encryption of data both at rest and in transit within the cloud
  • Consistent execution of security audits and compliance checks

Identity and Access Management (IAM)

Identity and Access Management (IAM) involves the administration of user identities and the regulation of access to resources within an organization. IAM incorporates diverse security measures, including user authentication, authorization, and access control.

Essential components of IAM encompass:

  • Utilization of robust authentication mechanisms like biometric verification or two-factor authentication
  • Implementation of role-based access control to streamline permissions
  • Consistent execution of security audits and compliance checks
  • Implementation of password policies and periodic updates to enhance security

Endpoint Security

Endpoint security refers to the protection of individual devices like computers, laptops, smartphones, and Internet of Things (IoT) devices. This involves antivirus software, firewalls, intrusion prevention systems (IPS), anti-theft systems like Kensington Lock, and device encryption.

Maintaining up-to-date software and operating systems on all endpoints is also paramount. This practice ensures that vulnerabilities are addressed promptly, bolstering the overall security posture. Overall, all the components should work together toward multi-layered endpoint security for optimal effectiveness.

Mobile Security

Frequently underestimated, mobile devices like tablets and smartphones may also present cybersecurity vulnerabilities, as they’re susceptible to threats stemming from malicious apps, zero-day exploits, phishing, and Instant Messaging (IM) attacks.

Mobile security serves as a deterrent against these threats, safeguarding operating systems and devices from potential rooting and jailbreaking attempts.

Integration with a Mobile Device Management (MDM) solution further empowers enterprises to restrict access to corporate assets exclusively to compliant mobile devices.

The components of mobile security can be summed up as:

  • Penetration scanners: automated tools for detecting endpoint vulnerabilities, crucial for detecting authentication and authorization issues that could compromise data.
  • VPN: virtual networks that encrypt data and protect corporate traffic.
  • Auditing and remote device control: tools used by admins to utilize remote wiping and tracking capabilities.
  • Email security policies: a set of measures like encryption, multi-factor authentication, attachment scanning, security awareness training, and more.

Zero Trust

The conventional security paradigm centers on “perimeter defense,” akin to constructing walls around an organization's assets. However, this method faces challenges, including the susceptibility to insider threats and the diminishing significance of the network perimeter.

As corporate assets transition away from on-premises environments due to cloud adoption and remote work, a fresh security strategy becomes imperative. The zero-trust model, as one of the cybersecurity types, adopts a more meticulous stance, safeguarding individual resources through a blend of micro-segmentation, continuous monitoring, and the enforcement of role-based access controls.

In the zero-trust model, critical elements include:

  • Transitioning from perimeter-focused security to granular protection involves adopting micro-segmentation techniques. For instance, implementing strict access controls on individual network segments enhances overall cybersecurity.
  • Vigilant monitoring of activities
  • Imposition of role-based access controls for enhanced security measures

While cybersecurity may seem daunting, with increasingly intricate attack methods, there are many cybersecurity companies offering up-to-date solutions to counteract cybercriminal activities. By dedicating time to comprehend the pertinent threats and vulnerabilities, organizations can identify the optimal combination of cybersecurity solutions and determine the most effective methods for their deployment.

Types of Cybersecurity FAQs

What is network security, and why is it crucial?

Network security involves safeguarding computer networks from unauthorized access or attacks. Protecting infrastructure, servers, routers, and other devices is crucial. Measures include firewalls, intrusion detection, and access controls, ensuring data integrity and confidentiality during transmission.

How does application security protect against cyber threats?

Application security shields software from cyber-attacks by ensuring secure coding, rigorous testing, and continuous monitoring. This defends against various threats, including SQL injection and cross-site scripting, fortifying applications throughout their development lifecycle.

What role does cloud security play in cybersecurity?

Cloud security safeguards data and systems hosted on cloud platforms like AWS or Azure. It utilizes secure configurations, virtual private networks, identity management, and regular audits to protect both stored data and the cloud infrastructure.

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